Australia, Supreme Court of New South Wales, Commissioner of Police (NSW) v Supple, 11 June 2020


This case law summary was developed as part of the Disaster Law Database (DISLAW) project, and is not an official record of the case.

Geographical Area
Asia Pacific
Case Name
Commissioner of Police (NSW) v Supple
Case Reference
[2020] NSWSC 727
Name of Court
Supreme Court of New South Wales
Decision and Reasoning
The Court noted that s.25 does not stipulate the factors which must be taken into account when determining an application for a prohibition order. However, said that there must be a balancing exercise which, at a broad level, incorporates a balance between the rights of assembly and expression, with the need for democratic institutions to provide protection for the community in crises such as the health issues arising out of the Covid-19 pandemic.

Despite the risk of community transmission materialising at the event being low given the expected attendance of 200 people, the Court also noted that there are practical limits to people’s ability to comply with social distancing measures and, although the risks of transmission were low, there was a risk of an increase in cases associated with undiagnosed persons. Furthermore, the ease of restrictions occurring at the time did not favour the defendant, instead the Court stated that the reduction in restrictions needed to be moderate and gradual because of the infectious nature of the virus and the grave consequences of further transmission.

The Court held that the public health risks to the participants, public, and police, even in their mitigated form, outweighed the rights to public assembly and freedom of speech in this case.
The Court made an order, pursuant to s.25(1) of the Act, prohibiting the holding of the public assembly.